Write an 8 page essay in which you will go into depth analysis about the impact of Francisco Franco’s involvement in the development of Spain.

Paper type:Essay
Academic LevelMasters
Year published:2020


Prosperity is when things go well for us, especially to our hopes and expectations. Therefore, prosperity is about flourishing in life. Therefore, any given country’s prosperity is closely related to governmentality, which is broadly translated to as the art of governing (Jackson, 2010). Governmentality refers to the specific sets of practice, i.e., techniques, mentalities, and rationalities, through which subjects are governed. Alternatively, governmentality is also how governments try to model their citizens to suit how best the government fulfills its policies (Jackson, 2010). This notion defines how governments behave, mostly due to their policies. As a result, social stability means economic stability. In line with prosperity and governmentality, we will evaluate the role of Francisco Franco in Spain’s history. Franco (1892-1975) was a Spanish general that ruled Spain as a dictator for 36 years from 1939 to his death in 1975 (Romero, Blanco, & Lopez, 2011). Franco’s goal was to turn Spain into a totalitarian state like Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, to which he largely succeeded. Franco’s regime was violent and committed numerous human rights abuses based on nationalism, militarism, authoritarianism, national Catholicism, anti-liberalism, anti-communism, and conservatism. In this article, we discuss the history of Spain before and after Franco and his role in the decline of Spain.


In 1931, a national election brought a government made of socialists, centrists, and republicans. The government instigated a new constitution that gave women the right to vote, legalized divorce, banned priests from teaching, granted Catalonia autonomy, and stripped Catholicism as the official religion (Pastor, 2007). This government did not last, and in the 1933 election, the country lurched back to the right, and Catalonia declared independence with worker’s committee took over the northern mining regions. A violent campaign emerged against these workers by a group of soldiers led by generals Francisco Franco and Jose Millan Astray (Escosura, Rosés, & Villarroya, 2012). In February 1936, the right-wing National movement was defeated by the popular left-wing front with the communist at the forefront. In July 1936, the Spanish army garrison in Melilla rose against the left-wing government. This resistance was followed by an uprising the next day by the army in the mainland (Romero, Blanco, & Lopez, 2011). The uprising was led by five generals, among them Francisco Franco, which was the start of the civil war. This war led to damages, massacre, and misery, with the rebels calling themselves the Nationalists (Romero, Blanco, & Lopez, 2011). Both sides committed atrocities; the Nationalists hanged thousands of supporters of the Republic while the Republicans hanged the Nationalist sympathizer included 7000 priests, nuns, and monks (Escosura, Rosés, & Villarroya, 2012). Cities with military garrisons fell immediately to the Nationalists, i.e., this included all cities North of Madrid except Catalonia and North Coast. Nazi Germany and fascist Italy supported the Nationalists with artillery and planes, and men while the Soviets and French aided the Republicans. The Nationalist army entered Madrid on 28th March 1939, and Franco declared the end of the war on 1st April, and he became the leader of the bloodied and battered Spain (Lombardo, 2004).

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Escosura, L. P., Rosés, J. R., & Villarroya, I. S. (2012). Economic Reforms and Growth in Franco’s Spain. Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 30(1), 1-46.
FreeMuse. (2017, 8th March). Spain: Censorship under Franco still looms over the arts. Retrieved from Freemuse: https://freemuse.org/news/spain-censorship-franco-still-looms-over-arts/
Jackson, T. (2010). Governance for Prosperity. Revue de philosophie économique, 11(1), 11-33.
Lombardo, E. (2004). The Influence of the Catholic Church on Spanish Political Debates on Gender Policy (1996-2004). Policy, 1.




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